Researched and written by Susan W. Morris

Windmills began to be in use in Europe in the 1100-1200s approximately. Along with watermills they had many functions, for instance grinding tough grain down into flour.  

We do not know if Effingham ever had a watermill. Watercourses around Effingham Common which exist no longer may once have had enough force of running water to power one. We do know there was a windmill. What it looked like, and even the period during which it was in operation, currently remain unclear but three sources from before 1840 preserve the record of its existence and roughly where it had stood.

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