George Francis Pauling

Photograph

Memorial

He is not named on the Roll of Honour in St. Lawrence Church, perhaps because he was not regarded as being ‘of’ Effingham parish. He is instead commemorated inside the church of Our Lady of Sorrows, Effingham by a stained glass window of which details are shown below.

Connection with Effingham

His uncle was the notable railway contractor George Craig Saunders Pauling who lived in Effingham at The Lodge in the early 20th century. Prior to that time the family had no connection with Effingham. His mother was buried in Effingham in 1935, at Our Lady of Sorrows.

Genealogy

George Francis’ father was Henry Richard Clarke Pauling, younger brother of George Craig Saunders Pauling.

Henry was born in Huntingdonshire on November 8th 1857 [GRO Ref: St. Ives 3b 257, 1857 (Q4)]. The 1871 Census finds him with his parents in Middlesex (the census schedule notes that their house had been recently built and did not yet bear a street number or housename):

1871 Census
Campsbourne Road, Hornsey, Middlesex : PRO Ref: RG10 Piece 1335 Folio 28 Page 47

Richard C. Pauling : head : mar : 37 : civil engineer (out of employment) : Lambeth, London
Jenny Pauling : wife : mar : 36 : wife of civil engineer : St. Ives, Huntingdonshire
Henry R.C. Pauling : son : unm : 13 : scholar : St. Ives, Huntingdonshire
Flora R. Pauling : dau : unm : 9 : scholar : Brazil (B.S.) [British Subject]
Laura J. Pauling : dau : unm : 7 : scholar : Kensington [sic – Newington], London

Henry has not been found in the 1881 or 1891 Censuses and may have been overseas. His future wife was Marguerite Lopez (née) Guibara, daughter of a Civil Servant. She was born in Clapham on November 18th 1871 [GRO Ref: Wandsworth 1d 511, 1871 (Q4) – indexed as “Lopez-Guibara”]. Here she is with her parents in 1881:

1881 Census
“Tudor Cottage”, Richmond, Surrey : PRO Ref: RG11 Piece 843 Folio 102 Page 2

Leopold L. Guibara : head : mar : 50 : senior clerk (War Office) : Gibraltar
Margaret F.L. Guibara : wife : mar : 43 : — : Commercial Road East, Middlesex
Marie L. Guibara : dau : unm : 20 : — : Paddington, Middlesex
Frances L. Guibara : dau : unm : 19 : — : Paddington, Middlesex
Margaret [sic] L. Guibara : dau : unm : 9 : — : Clapham, Surrey
Alphonsus L. Guibara : son : unm : 5 : — : Richmond, Surrey
Alice L. Guibara : dau : unm : 3 : — : Richmond, Surrey
Ann Fry : servant : — : 29 : domestic general servant : Cirencester, Yorkshire [sic – Gloucestershire?]

Marguerite was the sister of George C.S. Pauling’s future wife Dolores (“Lola”), who was born in 1882.

By the time of the 1891 Census the Guibara family had moved to No. 51, Mount Ararat Road in Richmond [PRO Ref: RG12 Piece 619 Folio 62 Page 5] but Marguerite was not among them – her location at this time is unknown. However, just two years later she married Henry, 14 years her senior [GRO Ref: Richmond S. 2a 729, 1893 (Q2)].

Marguerite and Henry produced three children, the first of whom (Henry Leopold Guibara Pauling) died in infancy. Their second child, George Francis Pauling, was born in Brompton, London on January 23rd 1895 [GRO Ref: Kensington 1a 173, 1895 (Q1)]. Their third child, Rita Violet Pauling, was born in early 1897. Later that year, on November 16th, Henry died aged 40 at Charing Cross [GRO Ref: Strand 1b 441, 1897 (Q4)].

Here is George Francis with his widowed mother in the 1901 Census (she doubtless mis-cited her birthplace as Richmond only because she remembered having lived there in her early childhood):

 

1901 Census
Flat No. 2, 1/8 Sussex Mansions, Kensington, London : PRO Ref: RG13 Piece 35 Folio 51 Page 1

Rita [sic – Marguerite Lopez] Pauling : widow : mar : 43 [unclear] : — : Richmond [in error], Surrey
[Rita’s age is entered as forty-something — but she was actually only about 29]
Agnes Guibara : visitor : unm : 32 : — : Richmond, Surrey
Alice Guibara : visitor : unm : 24 : — : Richmond, Surrey
George [Francis] Pauling : son : unm : 6 : — : Kensington, London
Rita [Violet] Pauling : dau : unm : 4 : — : Kensington, London
and 2 servants

In 1906 Marguerite remarried, to Stanley Hill Kelly [GRO Ref: Kensington 1a 429, 1906 (Q2)]. He was born to parents Samuel (a colliery proprietor) and Maria in Llandaff, Cardiff in 1870[GRO Ref: Cardiff 11a 226, 1870 (Q1)]. By the time of the 1891 Census he was a barrister-at-law living at 2, Hare Court in London’s Inner Temple [PRO Ref: RG13 Piece 264 Folio 102 Page 10]. By 1911 he had become a County Judge and was living with Marguerite in Crickhowell, Breconshire:

 

1911 Census
Llangattock Park, Crickhowell, Brecknockshire : PRO Ref: RG14 Piece 33612 Schedule 36

Stanley Hill Kelly : head : mar : 41 : Judge of County Courts : Llandaff, Glamorganshire 
Margarita [sic] Hill [sic] Kelly : wife : mar : 39 : — : Richmond [in error], Surrey
and 5 servants

They were probably occupying part of Llangattock Park House, owned by the Dukes of Beaufort, and pictured below as it looked in 1926:

Meanwhile, George Francis was attending a school in Coleshill, Buckinghamshire and was one of just six students boarding there at the time of the census:

1911 Census
Coleshill Lodge, Coleshill, Amersham, Buckinghamshire : PRO Ref: RG14 Piece 7807 Schedule 40

Frederick John Allen : head : mar : 42 : Army Tutor : Clevedon, Somerset
with his wife, an assistant master, 2 servants and 6 students, including:
George Francis Pauling : boarder : unm : 16 : student : London

 

The head of the school, Frederick John Allen, had only recently taken the tenancy of the house, which had been named “Nosseghem” (after a place in Belgium) since its construction in 1895. Allen renamed the house (pictured below) “Coleshill Lodge”.  

George Francis also received some education in Berkshire. In his great multi-volume work The War Illustrated Album de Luxe; the Story of the Great European War told by Camera, Pen and Pencil [Publ. The Amalgamated Press, London, Vol. 10, p.3382], Sir John Alexander Hammerton wrote of George Francis (but misrendering the identity of his true mother):

Lieutenant George Francis Pauling, M.C., Grenadier Guards, killed in action, was [the] only son of the late Henry Clarke Pauling, C.E., and of Mrs. Hill Kelly, of Llanfoist House, Abergavenny. Educated at Beaumont College [then a public school in Old Windsor, Berkshire] and Sandhurst, he was gazetted to the 17th Lancers in August 1914.”

which is borne out by this entry published by The London Gazette [Issue 28870, Page 6400] on August 14th 1914:

17th (Duke of Cambridge’s Own) Lancers, George Francis Pauling

He arrived in France on or about February 17th 1915, according to his medal record (see below). Hammerton (ibid.) goes on to say:

“In January 1916 he exchanged into the Grenadier Guards, and won his M.C. at the Battle of the Somme in that year.”

He was killed near Arras, France on March 25th 1918, during Operation Michael, the Germans’ Spring offensive against the British in the area around Saint-Quentin. He was initially buried there:

Some details of his MC award and his death are given on the Beaumont Union website which caters primarily for the Old Boys of Beaumont College:

To Sandhurst commission 17th Lancers (his pastimes were racing and hunting). To France Nov 1914. [On] Jan 1916 George transferred to 3rd Bn Grenadiers to see more action. In September he was awarded a MC during the battle of the Somme commanding The King’s Company. — “He led his company and formed a strong point on the left flank, displaying great courage and initiative. Later, he maintained himself for twenty-four hours, causing considerable loss to the enemy until relieved.”

He was wounded at Messines 1917 but returned to duty in Feb 1918. During the German advance (Operation ‘Michael’) in March George was killed in action by a bursting shell as he was getting his men to safety [on] 25 March 1918 [in the] Arras Sector.

Some additional details about him are presented in the book Visiting the Fallen: Arras North by Peter Hughes:

Pauling had seen action on the Somme in September 1019 during the attacks around Ginchy and Lesboeufs. He was also wounded on 30 July the following year at Ypres while his battalion was moving up to its assembly trenches ready for the attack the following day, the start of the Third Battle of Ypres.

The photograph of him shown at the top of this page was published in The War Illustrated magazine on July 27th 1918.

At this time his mother Marguerite was living at Llanfoist House, the substantial Georgian house shown below (present day):

She was at this address when The London Gazette [Issue 31071, Page 14851] published this notice on December 17th 1918:

GEORGE FRANCIS PAULING, M.C., Deceased.

Pursuant to the Statute 22 and 23 Vict., cap. 35.

Notice is hereby given, that all creditors and other persons having any claims or demands against the estate of George Francis Pauling, of Llanfoist House, Abergavenny, in the county of Monmouthshire, a Lieutenant in the 3rd Grenadier Guards of His Majesty’s Army (who died on the 25th day of March, 1918, and letters of administration to whose estate were granted by the Principal Probate Registry, on the 30th day of November, 1918, to Margaret Hill Kelly, the administratrix therein named), are hereby required to send the particulars, in writing, of their claims or demands to the undersigned, the Solicitors of the said administratrix, on or before the 28th day of January, 1919, after which date the said administratrix will proceed to distribute the assets of the said deceased amongst the parties entitled thereto, having regard only to the claims and demands of which she shall then have had notice; and she will not be liable for the assets, or any part thereof, so distributed, to any person of whose claim or demand she shall not then have had notice.—

Dated the 16th day of December, 1918.

CHARLES RUSSELL and CO., 37, Norfolk Street, Strand, London, W.C. 2, Solicitors for the said Administratrix.

After the War, the remains of George Francis were relocated to the Cabaret-Rouge British Cemetery, Souchez. A window commemorating him was installed in the church of Our Lady of Sorrows in Effingham, presumably by his mother and her sister Lola Pauling.

His medals appear to have been despatched to his mother on July 29th 1922, at which time she had moved to Asfordby Hall (pictured below, but demolished in 1965) in Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire.

Marguerite died aged “63” on April 16th at her daughter’s home in Coxfold [GRO Ref: Horsham 2b 418, 1935 (Q2) – indexed as “Margaret H. Kelly”] and was buried on April 20th at Our Lady of Sorrows, Effingham.

Military Records

1. Service Record

His Officer’s Service Record survives in the National Archives [WO 339/11135] but has not yet been accessed for this study. His Service Number is not yet known.

2. Commonwealth War Graves Commission Record

Name
Rank
Regiment
Age
Date of Death
Service No.
Awards
Grave/Memorial Ref.
Cemetery

PAULING, G. F.
Lieutenant
Grednadier Guards, 3rd Bn.
not stated [but was about 23]
25/03/1918
not stated
M C [Military Cross]
VIII. R. 46.
CABARET-ROUGE BRITISH CEMETERY, SOURCHEZ

3. “Soldiers Died in the Great War” Record

This adds nothing further to the above.

4. Medal Record

This mentions the standard campaign medals but not the award of the Military Cross.